The Cha Cha Cha, derived from the Rumba and the Mambo, was originated in Cuba in the early 1950s and refers to a style of ballroom dancing included in DanceSport categories of competition and is a part of either the International Latin Style or the American Rhythm Style.
The Cha Cha Cha danced to the authentic music introduced by Cuban composer and violinist Enrique Jorrín in the early 1950s with rhythm derived from the danzón-mambo. The name “Cha Cha Cha” is onomatopoetic, emanated from the shuffling sound of the dancers’ feet, and the word imitates the sound of the steps, the rendering of the two quick steps on the split fourth beat (4 and), followed by another slow step on beat 1. The dance count within the bar is 2, 3, 4, and 1, or slow, slow, quick, quick, slow. The movement starts on the second beat of the bar and finishes on the first beat of the next bar – contratiempo Cubano.
Compared to the Ballroom Competitions, where music is energetic and has a steady beat (Latin Pop or Latin Rock), the Cuban style is more sensual and may involve complex poly-rhythms.
In this episode of the DanceSport Series, DSS Owner & Main Coach Igor Golovach goes on to detail some basic drills and choreography that incorporates the eight various types of chasses present in the dance of the International Style Cha Cha Cha